Gum bleeding - Causes and treatment options
When we brush our teeth with a toothbrush every day, we should make a dentist's visit to the dentist. Perhaps nothing bad happens, and the blood appeared for example for one-off reasons. However, if this is not the case, gingival bleeding should be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible.
Gingival bleeding - causes
Gingivitis is most common in patients who brush their teeth or when biting relatively hard foods. There are many reasons for this. These may be mechanical and morbid causes, including paradontosis and inflammation. Gingival bleeding in itself can be a symptom of other serious diseases, including diabetes, anemia or liver disease. Bleeding from the gums can also be caused by disorders in blood coagulation.
Among the possible causes of gingival bleeding are:
• Diabetes - diabetics are reluctant to treat oral diseases, so bleeding gums can last a long time.
• Anemia - anemia due to iron deficiency or too little plaque formation, coagulation disorders and even blood cancer can cause bleeding from the gums.
• Liver disease - requires specialized treatment and may include acute inflammation or cirrhosis caused by platelet dysfunction. With such mucosal disorders, including oral cavity, they become particularly susceptible to damage.
• Vitamin deficiencies - usually vitamin C and vitamin K.
• Genetic predisposition - it is estimated that up to 35% People are born with a tendency to periodontal disease.
• Taking certain medicines - Side effects of antihistamines, antidepressants, antiemetic medications, antiemetics and hypertension medications, such as Parkinson's or Alzheimer's, may be dryness in the mouth due to changes in blood flow or saliva production. Saliva deficiency causes periodontal tissues to be more prone to irritation and inflammation, manifesting as bleeding gums.
• Pregnancy - bleeding is triggered by a hormonal swing, especially the effect of progesterone, especially between the 2nd and 8th month of pregnancy, when the gums are sensitive to touch, overdone and sensitive, which can bleed during brushing.
• Bad oral hygiene - insufficient oral hygiene causes plaque to be completely removed and swelling and bleeding from the gums.
• Paradontosis - the most common cause of gingival bleeding, which is an infectious bacterial infection that attacks the gums and surrounds the teeth of the tissue.
Bleeding from gums is never normal, so you need to detect its cause and start the proper treatment.
Bleeding gums - treatment
If the cause of gum bleeding is bacterial inflammation - paradontosis, treatment should begin as soon as possible, because otherwise the disease will successively destroy the gums, leading to bony decay, tooth mobility, and finally to their loss. Treatment consists of removal of the patient's bacterial biofilm, which removes plaque, and the irritant tissue of the periodontal tissue does not arise. It is also necessary to periodically remove the stone from the teeth.
In any other case, the treatment of gingival bleeding is to counter the causes of this condition and to treat systemic diseases that affect the greater sensitivity of the tissues around the tooth.