The most common malocclusion
One can distinguish three main categories of defects:
- facial-maxillary defects,
- dental defects.
in the construction of dental arches:
cross bite - characterized by abnormal overlap of teeth in the entire dental arch or in certain sections;
undershot - total or partial, where the lower dental arch overlaps the upper, so that the jaw projects forward;
open bite - no contact of teeth, and the clearance between them is defined as a non-bite gap;
posteriorism - recession of the mandible, a frequently occurring malocclusion (in more than 70% of all cases of defects), consists in the fact that the lower arch of the teeth is retracted from the upper one, and the front teeth do not touch;
deep bite - occurs when the upper teeth overlap very deeply on the lower teeth, covering up to 2/3 of their height, which causes the loss of proper symmetry through the face;
crowding - teeth are too large in relation to the alveolus and lack space, therefore they grow at the wrong angle and in the wrong places;
Separated teeth - separation of teeth, due to the excess of space in the jaw and jaw.
They are all the opposite of what is called a simple bite.
What does the correct bite look like?
The bite will be correct when each tooth is in contact with the two teeth of the opposite jaw, while the upper teeth protrude beyond the lower teeth. An exception to the principle of the teeth contact with two other opposite ones are lower central and upper third molars, which physiologically affect only one tooth. If the dentist notices irregularities in the construction of the bite, they should be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible.