What is root canal treatment?

What is root canal treatment?

Endodontic treatment focuses on treating teeth "from the inside". Its name comes from Greek, from the words "endo - inside" and "odont - tooth". Endodontic treatment, colloquially called ductal, involves thorough cleansing of the chamber and channels from the infected pulp. After cleaning these spaces from the nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue, the ducts and the chamber are filled with suitable material. In the case of mature teeth, the pulp is not really needed anymore, because the tooth is consumed by the surrounding tissue, that is, the periodontium.

Duct treatment stages

In the first place, when treating the duct, the dentist bites the tooth, usually under local anesthesia. In this way, it reaches the affected or inflamed pulp. The next step is to remove it. The doctor carefully cleans and widens the middle of the channel (hence the name of the channel treatment). It disinfects the channel or ducts in the tooth by means of appropriate means, and finally seals the tooth chamber and fills it with the proper material. Once the channels have been filled, a crown of composite material is placed on the tooth and, if this is not possible, a porcelain crown is made. This eventually brings the full functionality of the tooth.

When root canal treatment is a must?

Dentists recommend root canal treatment when a patient develops inflammation or infection of the pulp. The cause of this condition can be:

• Tooth injury, including fracture or fracture,
• deep caries,
• Multiple treatment of the tooth.

In cases where, despite the occurrence of inflammation or infection of the pulp, the patient does not agree to conduct canal treatment, sooner or later, this will lead to severe pain and abscess formation in the tooth or directly in the area.

You may suspect that root canal treatment will be necessary if:

- Patient feels dull, acute pain, tooth hurt at the slightest touch and chew food,
- There are visible discolourations on it, or long-term hypersensitivity to thermal stimuli - heat and cold

Symptoms of pulp disease that justify root canal treatment are also enlarged and sensitive lymph nodes and swelling and pain, felt within the adjacent tissue of the tissues.

The dentist will confirm whether or not the pulp has been infected or inflamed on the basis of patient complaints, standard dental examinations, and on the basis of a picture of the x-ray that can show the onset of pulp disease. Sometimes it does not give any significant and characteristic symptoms, so it is important to periodically check the condition of the dentition and recommended x-rays.

Tooth after root canal treatment

After the canal procedure, the patient may feel hypersensitivity within the treated tooth. Pain can be relieved by oral analgesics. Later, the tooth needs to be chewed in the same way as all the other teeth. Usually, it does not require re-treatment of the duct. However, if a recurrence occurs, the dentist may perform another endodontic treatment.